How did the Centaurus constellation get its name?


The Centaurus constellation is one of the largest and most recognizable constellations in the southern hemisphere. It is visible in the night sky from March to June and is named after the mythical centaur, a creature with the upper body of a human and the lower body of a horse. But how did this constellation come to be associated with this legendary creature?

The Centaur in Greek Mythology

In Greek mythology, the centaur was known for its strength, intelligence, and wild nature. It was said to have been born from the union of a cloud nymph named Nephele and the impious king Ixion. The most famous centaur in Greek mythology was Chiron, who was known for his wisdom and knowledge of medicine. He was a tutor to several heroes, including Achilles and Jason.

The Centaurus Constellation

The Centaurus constellation is located in the southern hemisphere and is one of the largest constellations in the sky. It is home to several prominent stars, including Alpha Centauri, the closest star to Earth’s solar system, and Beta Centauri, which is known as Hadar, meaning “ground” or “floor” in Arabic.

The Origin of the Centaurus Constellation’s Name

The Centaurus constellation was first cataloged by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD. He named the constellation after the centaur of Greek mythology due to its resemblance to the creature.

In other cultures, the constellation has different names and associations. In Chinese astronomy, the Centaurus constellation is known as the Red Bird of the South and is associated with the summer season. However, in ancient Indian astronomy, the constellation was associated with the sage Pulastya, one of the seven great sages.


The Centaurus constellation is one of the most recognizable features of the southern hemisphere’s night sky. Its name is derived from the centaur of Greek mythology, a creature known for its strength and intelligence. The association of this constellation with the centaur has endured for centuries, and it continues to inspire astronomers, stargazers, and storytellers around the world.