How did the Capricornus constellation get its name?


The Capricornus constellation, also known as the “sea-goat”, is one of the oldest constellations known to humans. It is located in the southern sky and is visible during the months of August to January. But how did it get its name? Let’s take a closer look at the mythology and history behind the Capricornus constellation.

Mythology Behind the Capricornus Constellation

In Greek mythology, the Capricornus constellation is associated with the story of the god Pan, who was a half-man and half-goat. One day, Pan was playing with some nymphs when the god Zeus spotted him and was amused by his appearance. He honored Pan by placing him in the sky as a constellation, which became known as Capricornus.

Another myth associated with the Capricornus constellation involves the story of the goddess Aphrodite and her son Eros. One day, they were walking along the banks of the Euphrates River when a giant, monstrous Typhon suddenly appeared. In order to escape, Aphrodite and Eros transformed themselves into goats and jumped into the river. As a reward for their bravery, they were both placed in the sky as constellations, with Eros becoming Capricornus.

History of the Capricornus Constellation

The Capricornus constellation has been known since ancient times, with records dating back to the Babylonians in the 2nd millennium BCE. The Greeks and Romans also recognized the constellation, and it was associated with the winter solstice due to its position in the sky during that time. In fact, the word “capricorn” comes from the Latin word “capra” which means goat, and “cornu” which means horn.

Today, the Capricornus constellation remains an important part of astrology and astronomy, and it is often associated with qualities such as ambition, discipline, and hard work.


The Capricornus constellation has a rich history and mythology, dating back to ancient times. It is associated with the story of the god Pan and the goddess Aphrodite and her son Eros. The Babylonians, Greeks, and Romans all recognized the constellation, and it is still an important part of astrology and astronomy today. The name “capricorn” comes from the Latin words for goat and horn, which accurately describe the constellation’s appearance in the sky.